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Italy now allows biomethane injection into the gas grid
wednesday, 11. May 2011
Recently, Italy, the first European country to use natural gas as a vehicle fuel, now representing more than 700.000 vehicles in Europe (more than half of the total European NGV running park), introduced a law to define the rule to allow biomethane injection into the gas grid.
The Italian Decree n.28of 03/03/2011 stipulates in art. 8, 20,21, that the development of Natural Gas infrastructures is a national priority and the codification of biomethane to be injected into the Natural Gas grid is also a priority of the Italian Authorities for Energy; furthermore incentives to be defined to boost investments into biomethane infrastructures.
The Italian industry for Natural Gas vehicles, including NGVA Europe member NGV System Italia (Italian Association of the natural gas for transport) advocated strongly for acknowledging the great potential contribution for NG and biomethane being injected into the gas grid in the process of the implementation of the Directive on Renewables into national law.
“We are proud to say that the role of NG and biomethane has been valorised and kept into consideration by the Italian decision makers in order to be able to achieve the target of 10% of RES by 2020 in the transport sector”, said NGV System Italia.” Concrete actions have been taken into account.
The key articles of the Italian decree referred to read as follows *(translated from Italian):
(Dispositions for promoting the use of bio-methane)
1. In order to promote the use of bio-methane for transport, the Regions apply specific simplifications in the authorization procedures for building methane distribution new plants and adaptation of the already built ones.
2. In order to stimulate the use of bio-methane for transport, methane distribution plants and pipelines that link them to the already existing natural gas pipeline pipelines are called public usage works, they are urgent and cannot be deferred.
(Connection between bio-methane production plants and the natural gas pipeline network)
1. Within three months from the day in which this decree becomes effective, the Authority for Electricity and Gas enacts specific directives concerning technical and economic conditions for the connection service supply of bio-methane production plants to the natural gas pipeline network, and the managers of it must let third party connect to it.
2. Directives related to paragraph 1 of this article, respecting what it is needed for physical safety and system operation:
a) establish a minimum chemical and physical properties of bio-methane, particularly regarding quality, smell and pressure gas, needed to inject it into the natural gas grid;
b) promote a large use of bio-methane, as much bio-methane as possible can be injected and transported in the natural gas grid without creating technical or safety problems; for this purpose the indiscriminate connection to the network of the bio-methane production plants must result coherent with standard technical feasibility and economics, and be compatible with technical rules and safety requirements;
c) plan the publication, on the part of networks managers, of the technical standards for the connection to the natural gas network of the bio-methane production plants;
d) fix the procedures, timing and criteria to determine costs for the completion of all phases needed for the individuation and the realization of the definitive solution for connection;
e) submit to peremptory terms the activities imposed on the network managers, identifying alternative sanctions and procedures in case of inaction;
f) establish the cases and rules to enable the person requesting the connection to create on their own facilities necessary for the connection, and identify the measures that the network manager must adopt in order to define the technical requirements of such systems;
g) provide the publication, by the network managers, of the technical and economic conditions necessary for the realization of any upgrading works of network infrastructures for the connection of new plants;
h) provide resolution procedures of disputes arising between producers and network managers with decisions, taken by the Authority for Electricity and Gas, binding between the parties;
i) establish the measures necessary to ensure that the tariff imposition of fees charged to the subject which enter bio-methane in the network does not penalize the bio-methane production plants development.
(Promotion of bio-methane injected into the natural gas network)
1. Bio-methane injected in the natural gas network to the conditions and manner specified in Article 20 is encouraged, on producer demand, according to the following ways:
a) through the issue of incentives for the production of electricity from renewable sources, in case it is injected into the network and used, in accordance with the rules for the transport and storage of natural gas, in high efficiency cogeneration plants;
b) by the issue of certificates of release for consumption in compliance with the Article 2-quarter, paragraph 1, of Decree-Law of 10 January 2006, No. 2, amended and transformed by the Law of 11 March 2006, No. 81, and subsequent amendments, in case bio-methane is injected into the network and, in accordance with the rules for the transport and storage, used for transport;
c)through the provision of a specific durative and value incentive defined by the decree in paragraph 2, in case it is injected into the gas natural network. The Authority for Electricity and Gas defines the ways, in which the resources for the provision of the incentive referred to are covered in respect of the proceeds of the tariffs components of natural gas.
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