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Natural Gas supports EU strategy to curb CO2 emissions from HDVs
pondělí, 2. června 2014
On 21 May, the European Commission adopted a strategy to curb carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) over the coming years. The focus of the strategy in the short term is on registering, reporting and monitoring these emissions with the aim of closing the current knowledge gap and providing the various actors with more transparency. Greater transparency, the Commission is convinced, will foster competition based on the real energy performance of vehicles. While CO2 emissions from new cars and vans are being reduced under recent EU legislation, the HDV strategy is the EU’s first initiative to tackle such emissions from trucks, buses and coaches.
NGVA Europe, the Natural & bio Gas Vehicle Association, welcomes the initiative as Natural Gas Vehicles will help to reduce CO2 emissions notably, particularly with the next engine generations and even improved energy performance. Using natural gas in compressed (CNG) and liquefied form (LNG) cuts CO2 emissions by 10-15% at average (Euro VI) compared to diesel, and even more ambitious targets can be met by blending it with biomethane. In this context, the currently ongoing LNG Blue Corridors project is expected to produce comprehensive results and data on heavy-duty NGV fuel consumption and engine performance.
With a comprehensive range of methane-powered HDVs already available, the Natural Gas Vehicle industry will play a major role when it comes to reaching the EU’s goals in terms of reducing dependency on crude oil and moving to a competitive low carbon economy. To learn more about the portfolio of heavy-duty NGVs please consult our Vehicle Catalogue.
Before emission limits can be considered, a baseline reflecting today’s level of CO2 emissions from HDVs needs to be established, the Commission states. For this purpose a computer simulation tool called VECTO has been developed to measure CO2 emissions from new vehicles. With the support of this tool the Commission intends to bring forward proposals for legislation next year which would require CO2 emissions from new HDVs to be certified, reported and monitored. This is a first step towards curbing emissions, where comparability among HDVs has so far been difficult largely due to the considerable variety of models and sizes of trucks available, which are highly customised to market needs and produced in much smaller quantities than cars and vans.
The Commission's stated objective is to identify an approach which makes it possible to tackle CO2 emissions from HDVs in a way that is cost-efficient and proportionate for stakeholders and society. The strategy aims to provide manufacturers and other stakeholders with a coherent policy framework and to indicate likely regulatory developments. Setting CO2 limits for HDVs is an option for the medium to long term that will be fully assessed in due course. As a next step the strategy will be addressed to the European Parliament and the Council.
HDVs currently produce about a quarter of CO2 emissions from road transport in the EU and some 5% of the EU’s total greenhouse gas emissions – a greater share than international aviation or shipping. Despite some improvements in fuel efficiency, CO2 emissions from HDVs rose by some 36% between 1990 and 2010, mainly due to increasing road freight traffic. Projections indicate that, without policy action, total HDV emissions would still be close to current levels in 2030 and 2050.
This is incompatible with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transport by around 60% below 1990 levels by 2050. This objective was set out in the Commission’s 2011 Transport White Paper and Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050.
Source: EC - IP/14/576, European Commission - Reducing CO2 emissions from Heavy-Duty Vehicles, EC - Questions and Answers on the Commission strategy for reducing Heavy-Duty Vehicles' (HDVs) fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, NGVA Europe
NGVA Europe... for sustainable mobilityhttp://www.ngvaeurope.eu/natural-gas-supports-eu-strategy-to-curb-co2-emissions-from-hdvs